London Monarchs

Record: 9-1/1991*    2-7-1/1992     *World Bowl Champions

London represents a pearl that the NFL has been eager to expand to internationally for quite some time. With the “London Bowl” and other experiments in checking the pulse of Englanders for their interest in American Football, the NFL made it official with their 1990 announcement that they intended to run an international league with a team in London. Unable to find a suitor willing to cough up the 11 million dollar price tag to purchase the team, the Monarchs became a league run franchise. Led by league appointed general manager Billy Hicks,  and English native and offensive head coach Larry Kennan, the Monarchs would be the first team on the board taking defensive backs in the WLAF inaugural draft, and with that pick grabbed Corris Ervin. Through and through the Monarchs executed well in the draft, and it would show later in the All-World roster after the 1991 season, especially on the offensive line. London later would turn around and take Stan Gelbaugh in the WLAF supplemental draft to back up John Witkowski at quarterback.

The Monarchs were run on a shoestring budget and played in Wembley Stadium in downtown London. Like all European Stadiums, at capacity 87,000,  the main purpose was for concerts and soccer games, but it was converted to handle the rigors of a 120+ yard stadium used in American Football games. Footballs initially got stuck in customs and the limited number of footballs the team originally could get, became worn and flat after a few practices.  The players quickly had to adapt to the open air stadium and wet Seattle-like weather of London. The Monarchs in the end however, put together an amazing run in 1991.

ultwlaf92 monarchsThe first game in WLAF history would pit the Monarchs against the Frankfurt Galaxy. Chris Williams, (FRG) a nose tackle, would score the first points in league history when he stuffed runningback Judd Garrett (LON)  for a safety. Starting quarterback John Witkowski would be replaced in the lineup by Stan Gelbaugh, and the Monarchs high scoring offensive machine would get back on track and  beat the Galaxy 24-11 in London.  Gelbaugh would not relinquish his role as starter for the remainder of his career on the team. He’d earn league MVP honors for his play at the end of the season. At runningback the team sported sure handed receiver Judd Garrett, and hard nosed fullback Jeff Alexander. The offensive line, which only allowed 11 sacks all season, was headlined by Doug Marrone, Steve Gabbard, Theo Adams, Paul Berardelli, and Larry Jones. Quality depth would be given from Todd Oberdorf and John Fruhmorgen.  The line became known as  ‘The Nasty Boyz’.

At wide receiver, it seemed no fair. The team drafted Dana Brinson and the league touted his dimunitive size and speed as electrifying for football in their print magazines. Brinson did not disappoint, leading the league in punt return yards. On the other side Jon Horton would lead all receivers in yardage, and dominate defensive backs week in and week out. They’d be backed up by veteran Tony Sargent, and Andre Riley.

ultwlaf92 monarchs tpDefense wasn’t an entirely different matter either on the “Hart Attack” defense. Roy Hart was one of the league’s dominating nose tackles in the Monarchs’ 3-4 defense. Linebacker Danny Lockett was the league leader sacks, along with Marlon Brown, while underrated Rickey Williams chipped in 70+ total tackles. At defensive back were Ervin, and headhunters Dedrick Dodge and Danny Crossman at safety.

Phil Alexander, kicker, and Victor Ebubedike, fullback, represented international flavor for the Monarchs, with the league’s “Operation Discovery”, and they too would be head and shoulders above their own international countrymen. Alexander led scorers his rookie season and was named Operation Discovery player of the year.

ult92 gelbaugh PromoLondon lost their only game of the season in the final week versus their rivals, -the Barcelona Dragons. The Monarchs met them again in World Bowl I, suffocating the Dragons 21-0,  paced by Judd Garrett with 13 receptions and Danny Crossman’s  Herculaneum  MVP performance with 3 picks and a touchdown. Slightly over 61,000 watched the game at Wembely Stadium in London. Afterwards the Monarchs were the toast of the town, even pressing a single titled “Yo Yo Monarchs!”  Unfortunately this was the franchise’s only appearance in the World Bowl.

The Monarchs would be picked apart by the NFL for talent in the offseason, and head coach Larry Kennan bolted for the states to become offensive coordinator of the Seahawks. To replace him, defensive coordinator Ray Willsey assumed the head coaching duties.  London drafted Roland Smith (CB Miami) with their first pick in 1992, and later added notable names such as Bernard Ford (WR), and Steve McNair‘s older brother Fred, to back up Stan Gelbaugh at quarterback.  Gelbaugh got embroiled in a league-wide contract controversy over league retainer fees, but was a true ironman, playing in the NFL during the WLAF offseason and then later returning to the lineup in 1992.

lonmonqbWhile the Monarchs started of with a shaky victory over their North American rival New York-New Jersey Knights, the team slumped losing 7 of their last 9 contests. Gelbaugh’s statistics notably dropped off from his MVP season as he threw for only 11 touchdowns to 12 picks. On a brighter note, Jeff Alexander stepped up finishing the season with 702 rushing yards, and linebacker Danny Lockett had another outstanding season. Outside of that the Monarchs tied the Birmingham Fire, which ultimately proved pivotable in the American race between the Fire, Surge, and Riders. The WLAF reorganized after the 1992 season.

The Monarchs (along with the Dragons and Galaxy) were reborn in the reconstituted NFLE in 1995, and their games moved to White Hart Lane. With the Monarchs reconstituted, London came out flat under head coach Bobby Hammond, posting 3  4-6 records. As fan attendance dwindled the Monarchs were forced to move and called up their offensive coordinator Lionel Taylor to be head coach. The NFLE would rebrand the team as the England Monarchs and play in a variety of venues including the Crystal Palace, Ashton Gate, and Alexander Stadium. This wouldn’t save the franchise, and at the end of the 1998 season, the franchise was shut down after a 3-7 record and even worse attendance than at White Hart Lane.  Victor X Ebubedike, would be the lone holdover from the original roster seeing it from beginning to end. Other notables along the way to play for the Monarchs included, future Superbowl quarterback Brad Johnson and former Chicago Bears star William “The Refrigerator” Perry.

HC- Larry Kennan
Other Coaches- Hue Jackson
QB- Stan Gelbaugh, John Witkowski, Fred McNair
RB- Jeff Alexander, Judd Garrett
WR- Andre Riley, Dana Brinson
OL- Steve Gabbard, Paul Berardelli, Doug Marrone 
DL- Roy Hart 
LB- Rickey Williams, William Kirksey, Ricky Shaw, Marlon Brown
DB- Dan Crossman, Corris Ervin, Dedrick Dodge, Irvin Smith, Howard Feggins
K- Philip Alexander

At this time I am still missing autographs on these cards from:

Proset WLAF 1991:  Danny Lockett, Jon Horton, Theo Adams,   Victor Ebubedike,  Ken Sale, Danny Lockett LL & Larry Jones.

Wild Card WLAF 1992: Harvey Wilson, Tony Sargent,  Curtis Moore,  Danny Lockett & Danny Lockett LL.

Ultimate WLAF 1992:  Danny Lockett, Greg Horne, Jon Horton, Charley Young, & David Smith.

World Bowl I recap:
Video Recap of Monarchs 1991 season: